Can Your Edibles Expire? How Long Do Weed, CBD & THC Gummies Last?

thc edibles
Ever found an old bag of gummies at the back of your fridge and wondered, “Can I still eat these?” You’re not alone. Edibles have become a favorite for many, offering a smoke-free way to enjoy the benefits of cannabis. But like all food products, they have a shelf life. Understanding how long your weed, CBD, and THC gummies last can save you from a less-than-pleasant experience.

The Delicious Dilemma: Edibles and Their Shelf Life

Edibles provide a convenient and enjoyable way to consume cannabis, especially for those who prefer to avoid smoking. Whether it’s the allure of tasty THC gummies or the calming effects of CBD treats, these products have won the hearts of many. However, just like any food item, edibles can expire, and their potency can diminish over time.

Understanding Edible Expiration

Edible Expiration

Edibles: Not Just Any Food

Homemade vs. Store-Bought:
A World of Difference

Homemade vs.

A World of Difference

weed edibles

The Role of Fats and Perishables

Potency Over Time

thc gummies

Factors Affecting Edible Longevity

Factors Affecting
Edible Longevity

Ingredients Matter
  • Fresh vs. Processed: Fresh ingredients like dairy and eggs spoil faster than processed ones.
  • Sugar and Gelatin: Ingredients like sugar and gelatin, found in gummies, help extend shelf life.
  • Preservatives: Edibles with added preservatives last longer.
Storage Conditions
  • Temperature: Heat accelerates spoilage and THC degradation. Store edibles in a cool place.
  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight can degrade THC, so keep edibles in a dark location.
  • Air Tight: Oxygen exposure can lead to mold growth and THC degradation. Use airtight containers.
Packaging Impact
  • Original Packaging: Leaving edibles in their original, sealed packaging helps maintain freshness.
  • Vacuum Sealing: Consider vacuum sealing edibles to limit exposure to air and moisture.
Handling Practices
  • Clean Hands: Always handle edibles with clean hands to avoid introducing bacteria.
  • Avoid Frequent Opening: Each time you open the package, you expose the edibles to air and germs.
storing gummies

THC and CBD Gummies: Expiry and Potency

long life

THC Gummies: Sweet Longevity


Weed Gummies: Potency Pointers


Gummy Expiration Timeline


CBD Edibles: Stability Insights

Edible Cookies and Baked Goods

When it comes to edibles, baked goods like cookies and brownies are often popular choices. However, their shelf life is shorter compared to gummies and hard candies due to the ingredients used.
edible cookies

Expiration of Edible Cookies

Edible cookies are made with ingredients like milk and eggs, which are highly perishable. Freshly baked cookies typically last about three days before they start to spoil. This can lead to mold growth and potential foodborne illnesses.

Preservatives and Storage

Many commercially produced edible cookies contain preservatives that can extend their shelf life. Always check the best-by date on the package to avoid food poisoning. Storing baked edibles in the refrigerator or freezer can also help increase their shelf life.

However, remember that their dairy and egg content makes them more prone to spoilage compared to other edibles. Freezing can preserve them longer, but make sure to thaw them properly before consuming to avoid any texture or taste issues.

Do Edibles Lose Potency
After A Year?

Besides expiring, edibles can lose their potency over time as THC degrades. Typically, a year is the timeframe it takes for THC to degrade enough to lose its effects, though this can sometimes happen more quickly.

The Enemies of THC

For the best results, store your edibles in a cool, dark, and dry space. Whenever possible, keep them in their original packaging and avoid opening the package unless you plan to consume the contents within the next 3-6 months.
gummies with a marijuana leaf

Can You Freeze Edibles?

Freezing edibles is a great way to preserve their potency and prevent spoilage. Unlike cannabis flower, freezing edibles does not affect the potency of cannabinoids because they have bonded to the oil or fat.

Freezing Tips

Remember, freezing may impact the flavor and texture of your edibles. If you’ve spent money on delicious edibles, you might want to preserve their taste as much as possible.
freeze gummies

Can You Eat Expired Edibles?

There’s nothing inherently stopping you from eating expired edibles, but there are a few considerations to keep in mind. While cannabinoids don’t become toxic, consuming expired edibles can lead to foodborne illnesses.

Smell and Taste Test

It’s best to use your senses to determine if an edible has gone bad. Sugar-based edibles, for instance, can last a long time, but you should check for any signs of mold or off smells before consuming them. If an edible smells or tastes off, it’s best to discard it.

Eating expired gummies might result in a loss of texture and flavor quality, as well as reduced potency. You may experience a weaker high or no high at all, along with the risk of ingesting mold, fungi, or bacteria.
testing gummies

General Storage Tips for Edibles

Proper storage is key to maintaining the freshness and potency of your cannabis edibles. Here are some tips to help you keep your treats in the best possible condition.

How Long Does an Edible High Last?

Understanding the duration and effects of an edible high is crucial for safe and enjoyable consumption.

Digestive Process

When you consume an edible, your body processes it differently than when you smoke or vape cannabis. The cannabinoids must pass through your digestive system before entering your bloodstream. This means it can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to begin feeling the effects.

Factors Influencing Duration


Duration of Effects

Typically, the effects of an edible can last from 6-8 hours. In some cases, especially with higher doses, the effects can last up to 12 hours or more. For some individuals, effects might linger for 24-48 hours.


It’s important to note that everyone reacts differently to edibles. Some people may experience more anxiety or a stronger high, while others may feel more relaxed. Always start with a low dose to gauge your reaction and gradually increase as needed.

Final Thoughts

Edibles are a popular and effective way to consume cannabis, but like any food product, they have a shelf life and require proper storage to maintain their quality. By understanding the factors that affect the longevity and potency of your edibles, you can ensure that your treats stay fresh and effective. Always store them in a cool, dark place, use airtight containers, and check for any signs of spoilage regularly.

While THC and CBD don’t become toxic over time, their potency can degrade, making it less worthwhile to stockpile edibles. Following these guidelines will help you enjoy your edibles safely and get the most out of your cannabis experience.

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Do edibles expire?
Yes, edibles can expire just like any other food product. Their shelf life depends on the ingredients and storage conditions.
How can I tell if my edibles have gone bad?
Look for signs of mold, discoloration, off smells, or changes in texture. If in doubt, it’s best to discard them.
Do THC and CBD edibles lose potency over time?
Yes, THC and CBD can degrade over time, especially when exposed to light, heat, and oxygen, reducing their potency.
Can I freeze edibles to extend their shelf life?
Yes, freezing edibles can help preserve their potency and prevent spoilage, particularly for baked goods.
How should I store my edibles to keep them fresh?
Store edibles in a cool, dark place in airtight containers to limit exposure to light, heat, and oxygen.
Is it safe to eat expired edibles?
While cannabinoids don’t become toxic, eating expired edibles can lead to foodborne illnesses. It’s best to avoid consuming them if they show signs of spoilage.
How long does the high from edibles last?
The effects of edibles can last from 6-8 hours, and in some cases, up to 12 hours or more, depending on various factors like dosage and individual metabolism.

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A Picture of Richard Koffler MD

Article Written By

Richard Koffler, MD

NPI Number- 1467557264

About Richard Koffler, MD

  • Dr. Koffler is a Physiatrist, specializing in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
  • Graduated from the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University in 1993 Dr. Koffler completed a one-year internship in internal medicine at Roosevelt Hospital in New York City.
  • Residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the Rusk Institute at NYU Medical Center in New York City. Board certified in 1998.
  • Trained in acupuncture at Helms Medical Institute at UCLA His medical practice incorporates proven conventional western medicine integrating eastern alternative practices.
  • Medical Director of several medical clinics in NYC, Stamford CT, and Miami Beach, FL.
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